The newest sites on Unesco's list
1. Antequera Dolmens Site
Some of the oldest examples of Megalithic structure and architectural works of European prehistory are situated in southern Spain. There are located three megalithic tombs and two natural monuments. Menga Dolmen tomb is one of the largest megalithic burial mounds in Europe. The interiors hide an open corridor, a passage of four stones, leading to the large oval-shaped funerary chamber. Viera Dolmen tomb comprises two sections: an open air corridor and a 21m-long passage section with a small chamber. Tholos of El Romeral presents a typical false cupola tomb, It comprises a corridor with masonry walls, a masonry chamber with a false dome which leads to a smaller chamber. La Peña de los Enamorados is a mountain which is 800 m high and El Torcal - a nature reserve which features unique karst landscape and impressive landforms, are natural landmarks which are extra values for the whole UNESCO site.
2. Archaeological Site of Philippi
Phillippi is an ancient Greek town, then a Roman colony which ruins, being an archeological site, can be visited by tourists today. There can be found ruins of the former Akropol, partially preserved defence walls, ancient monumental amphitheatre, a prison of St. Peter or pillars of two Christian basilicas from the 5th and the 6th centuries. The remains undoubtedly are an exceptional testimony to the Roman Empire times and the early establishment of Christianity.
3. Gorham's Cave Complex
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Gorham's Cave is located on the east coast of Gibraltar. It is the place where the first Neanderthal's remains were discovered in Europe. The cave is 18 metres deep and it comprises underground corridors and three seperate caves. The Gorham's cave was discovered in 1907 by Captain A. Gorham, but it became a site of archaeological interest in the half of the 20th century. The cave is an exceptional testimony to the cultural traditions of the Neanderthals.
4. Stećci Medieval Tombstones Graveyards
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia
the Late-medieval stone tombs, called stecci were inscribed into UNESCO's World Heritge List. 28 sites are spread through the Balkan region. Stecci can be found in Bosnia and Herzegovina, western Serbia, western Montenegro and central and southern Croatia. They are mostly carved from limestone, have iregular shape. They can be vertical or horizontal. Some of them are ornamented in crosses, human and animal figures as well as motifs of hunting and grapevine. According to the newest researches, the first tombs date back to the 12th century.
5. The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement
Argentina, Belgium, France, Germany, India, Japan, Switzerland
Le Corbusier was a French architect, a painter and a sculptor, a leading representative of modernism called 'a pope of modernism'. His works had a great impact on architecture, the fine arts and town planning. His works are spread through the whole world. 17 of them located in 7 countries were inscribed into UNESCO''s List in 2016. Most out of them are located in Europe. Among them are:
Unité d’habitation, Marseille, France
Maison Guiette, Antwerp, Belgium
Weissenhof-Siedlung Estate, Stuttgart, Germany
Dominican Monastery of La Tourette near Lyon, France
Notre-Dame du Haut, Ronchamp, France
Maison La Roche, Paris, France
Cité Frugès, Pessac, France
Immeuble Molitor, Paris, France
Usine Claude et Duval Factory, Saint-Dié, France
Villa Savoye near Paris, France
Cabanon de Le Corbusier, Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France
Maison de la Culture, Firminy, France
Immeuble Clarté, Geneva, Switzerland
Villa Le Lac, Corseaux, Switzerland
These masterpieces are a testimonial to the invention of a new innovative architectural language. New architectural techniques allowed to respond to the needs of society and create new, completely different structures.